According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, in the first six months of the year, the situation of agricultural production faced many difficulties due to harsh, cold and icy weather in the northern provinces; Drought, severe saltwater intrusion in the southern provinces and mass fish deaths in some central provinces have affected the growth of the entire agriculture, forestry and fishery industry. According to the General Statistics Office, the production value of agriculture, forestry and fishery in the first 6 months of 2016 at constant prices in 2010 was estimated at 397.4 trillion VND, equal to 99.92% over the same period last year. The agricultural sector is estimated at 297.2 trillion VND, equaling 99.27%; Forestry reached 13.3 trillion VND, up 5.83%; Seafood reached 86.9 trillion dong, up 1.33%. In the field of agriculture, livestock production has the highest growth rate (+4.7 %) reaching 88.7 trillion VND due to the well-developed pig and poultry industry, which is estimated to be the total number of pigs in the country. in June reached 28.3 million heads, up 3.9% over the same period in 2015. number of poultry reached 341.5 million heads, up 4.3%; Followed by services increased by 2.8%, reaching 5.2 trillion dong.
Cattle raising: In the first 6 months of the year, severe cold has greatly affected buffalo and cow husbandry in the mountainous provinces of the North and North Central, causing more than 12,000 buffaloes and cows to die from the cold. Due to the narrowing of grazing conditions, the number of buffaloes in the first 6 months of 2016 decreased compared to the same period last year. According to estimates of the General Statistics Office, the total number of buffaloes in the country in June 2016 reached 2.52 million heads, down 1.1%. However, cattle breeding is more developed and concentrated mainly in mountainous areas due to having a good consumption market. It is estimated that by June, the total number of cows will reach 5.34 million heads, up 1.6% over the same period last year, of which the dairy herd is estimated at 279 thousand heads, up 10% over the same period last year.
Pig raising: Pig raising has developed quite well, the price of live pork on the market after the Lunar New Year has remained stable due to the guaranteed supply, maintained at a level beneficial to farmers, and the disease does not arise much. The total number of pigs nationwide by June 2016 reached about 28.3 million heads, an increase of about 3.9% over the same period in 2015.
Poultry production: stable development, however, the dry weather and saline intrusion in some southern localities in recent times have limited the rate of re-herd, especially in localities where many types of aquatic animals are raised. holding like ducks, geese. It is estimated that the total number of poultry in the country in June 2016 reached 341.5 million heads, an increase of 4.3% over the same period in 2015, of which the number of chickens reached 258.7 million heads, an increase of 4.4%.
Meat output of all kinds: According to the data reported by the GSO, the estimated meat production of all kinds in the first 6 months of the year compared to the same period last year is as follows: The output of buffalo meat reached 49.7 thousand tons, down 0.5%. ; Output of live beef for slaughter reached 183.4 thousand tons, up 2%; Output of live pigs for slaughter reached 2.15 million tons, up 4.7%; Poultry meat production reached 541.3 thousand tons, up 4.9%, of which chicken meat production reached 415 thousand tons, up 6%; Poultry egg production reached 5255 million eggs, up 5.3%, of which chicken egg production reached 3085 million eggs, up 8.8%.
Diseases: According to the Department of Animal Health, as of June 30, 2016, the epidemic situation in the country was as follows:
During the day, a new outbreak was reported in Tinh Hoa commune, Quang Ngai city, Quang Ngai province, specifically as follows:
On June 10, 2016, avian influenza A/H5N6 occurred in chickens in 01 livestock household in Tinh Hoa commune, Quang Ngai city, Quang Ngai province, causing 700 chickens to get sick and die (total flock: 3,700 heads). The Quang Ngai Provincial Department of Livestock and Veterinary Medicine has coordinated with local authorities to destroy the above 700 chickens and implement other mandatory epidemic prevention measures.
Currently, the whole country has 01 outbreak of avian influenza H5N6 in Tinh Hoa commune, Quang Ngai city, Quang Ngai province.
During the day, there were reports of new outbreaks arising from localities.
Currently, the whole country has 01 outbreak of Foot-and-mouth disease of type A less than 21 days in Binh Phu commune, Cai Lay district, Tien Giang province (it has been 17 days).
During the day, there were no reports of new outbreaks arising from localities.
Currently, the whole country has no Blue Ear epidemic.
Avian flu: Due to the complicated changes of weather, the risk of epidemic arising and spreading in the near future is very high; localities should be proactive in the prevention and control of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, H5N6 and some strains of influenza viruses that can be transmitted to humans such as H7N9 virus; strengthen control and strictly handle the illegal import of poultry, closely monitor the area to detect and handle outbreaks in a timely manner.
FMD epidemic: Localities in high-risk areas, where there are old outbreaks, and cattle herds that have not been thoroughly vaccinated, especially localities with projects to supply livestock breeds, reduce hunger and reduce poverty It is necessary to strengthen surveillance, detect outbreaks early, organize FMD vaccination, strictly control the transport of livestock, manage livestock slaughter to minimize the risk of arising and spreading epidemics.
Blue ear pig epidemic: Localities continue to successfully control the blue ear pig epidemic. However, it is possible that the virus still exists in the livestock environment combined with the complicated changes of the weather that adversely affect the livestock, so in the coming time, the epidemic may appear and cause outbreaks of disease. small epidemics in the province with old epidemics. Localities need to strengthen supervision and early detection of outbreaks, strictly comply with regulations on quarantine and transport of pigs and pig products, strengthen control of pig slaughter, and proactively prevent epidemics. enter the location.
The localities based on the epidemic situation in the area, the notice of the Department of Animal Health on the circulation of Avian Influenza, Foot-and-mouth disease, Blue ear virus and the guidelines for the use of vaccines in 2016 (Document No. TY-DT dated 22/02/2016) to organize the purchase of the right vaccine against epidemics to achieve the highest effectiveness.
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS MARKET
In June 2016, the purchase price of live hogs in many localities is still moving in a downward trend. Accordingly, the purchase price of live pigs at the farm in the Southeast region has decreased by 3,500 VND/kg to 45,000 VND/kg; in the Mekong Delta provinces decreased by 1,000 VND/kg, down to 46,500 VND/kg; Nam Dinh decreased by 2,000 VND/kg, down to 42,000 VND/kg. In the same direction as live hog prices, the purchase price of industrial chickens with colored feathers and white feathers is also moving in a downtrend due to abundant supply. Specifically, the purchase price of industrial chickens with colored feathers in the Southeast has decreased by 500 - 1,000 VND/kg compared to the beginning of the month, to 35,000 - 36,000 VND/kg; The Mekong Delta decreased by 1,000 - 2,000 VND/kg, down to 36,000 - 37,000 VND/kg. The purchase price of industrial white feathers tends to decrease more strongly than that of colored chickens. In general, in the first 6 months of 2016, the live hog market fluctuated due to increased export demand to China as well as to the domestic market. However, in mid-May 2016, China suddenly stopped importing live hogs through unofficial channels due to strengthening quarantine control for food products entering the country, causing live hog prices in Vietnam to start to fall. reduce.
Animal feed and raw materials:
The estimated import value of animal feed and raw materials in June 2016 is estimated at 352 million USD, bringing the total import value of this item in the first 6 months of 2016 to 1.51 million USD, down 9 .1% over the same period in 2015. The three main import markets of this commodity group in the first 5 months of 2016 are Argentina, the United States and China, accounting for 47.1%, 10.9 respectively. % and 6.7%. Markets with strong value are Austria (up 2.24 times), Indonesia (up 44.4%). The markets with a sharp decrease in import value were Brazil (63.8%), the United States (53.8%), Thailand (41.9%), India (34%) and China (19.6 %).
Wheat: It is estimated that the import volume of wheat in June 2016 reached 249 thousand tons with a value of USD 49 million, bringing the volume of wheat imports in the first 6 months of 2016 to 1.8 million tons with a value of 386 million USD, up 53.5% in volume and 20.3% in value over the same period in 2015. The main wheat import market in the first 5 months of 2016 was Australia, accounting for 52.2%. market share and increased about 60.8% in volume and 29.3% in value over the same period in 2015. Followed by Brazil accounted for 18.5% of the total import value of this item, with a total volume. import volume reached 326.2 thousand tons and 62.4 million USD, up 8.4% in volume but down 15.6% in value over the same period in 2015. The market with import value in the first 5 months of the following year is the United States (up 77.1% in volume and 49% in value). The market with the largest decrease in value compared to the same period in 2015 was the Canadian market (down 60.4% in volume and 64.7% in value).
Soybean: It is estimated that the volume of soybean imports in June 2016 will reach 173,000 tons with a value of 72 million USD, bringing the total volume of soybeans imported in the first 6 months of 2016 to 765 thousand tons with a value of 307 million USD. , down 11.5% in volume and 24.1% in value over the same period in 2015.
Maize: Estimated volume of imported corn in June 2016 reached 283 thousand tons with a value of USD 54 million, bringing the volume of corn imports in the first 6 months of 2016 to 2.28 million tons with a value of USD 641 million. , down 0.3% in volume and 15% in value over the same period of 2015. In the first 5 months of 2016, Brazil and Argentina were the two main import markets for this item, accounting for 63 respectively. .6% and 33.8% of the total import value of this item and compared to the same period in 2015 are still increasing (10.5% and 3.1%). The market with a strong increase in value compared to the same period in 2015 was the Lao market, which increased by 29.1% in volume and 26.1% in value. The market with a sharp decrease in value is India
Cassava and cassava products for export: The export volume of cassava and cassava products in June 2016 is estimated at 195 thousand tons with a value of USD 56 million, bringing the export volume of cassava and cassava products 6 in the first month of the year reached 2.1 million tons and 554 million USD, down 21.8% in volume and down 30.6% in value over the same period of 2015. China remained the main import market in the first 5 months. in 2016 accounted for 86.39% of the market share, down 19.17% in volume and down 30.42% in value over the same period in 2015. In the first 5 months of 2016, the import value of cassava and other products Most of Vietnam's cassava products decreased except for the Japanese market with an increase in value (4.76%) compared to the same period in 2015.